It appears that the first Richardson in our line was Daniel Richardson, who was reportedly born in England about 1722. [Kathleen Skeen] He may have lived in Culpepper Co., VA, before emigrating to Georgia. [Marilyn Gilbert] Some say he married Prudence Leatherlin in St. Paul's Parish, although that is still at issue. Three of their sons were: Enoch (b. abt. 1750), John and Daniel, Jr. [Skeen]
Enoch Richardson married Mary Jane Harris, and they had the following children:
Enoch died in 1815 in Jasper County, Georgia.
Daniel, Richardson, Jr., settled in Hancock Co., GA after serving in the Rev. War from Culpeper Co., VA. He had married Frances Long from Culpeper Co, daughter of Reuben Long. Daniel and Frances had 11 children, and brought at least six of them with them to Hancock Co GA where they took up considerable land distributed among Daniel, Frances, Obadiah (son), etc. Daniel died in 1796 and is buried in Sparta. Daniel, Jr. may have served as a Justice of the Peace. Frances is reputed to have died the same year as Daniel, but she may have lived another 20 years. Their youngest son, Armistead Richardson b. ca 1788-1792 became the "Father" of Cave Spring, GA. He fought in the War of 1812, the Cherokee War, and the Civil War. Armistead Richardson's son Peterson Thweat Richardson, M.D., settled in Cushing,Texas. His son, also an Armistead, and also a doctor in Nacodoches Texas, fought in the Civil war. The Richardsons were Baptists.
James Richardson married Rachel Young, said to be of Indian extraction, about 1820 in Georgia, and shortly thereafter they moved to St. Helena, Washington Parish, Louisiana. They lived in Washington Parish, where several of their children were born, for about 12 years before leaving for Missouri.
James and Rachel's children were as follows:
The move to Missouri occurred about 1833 when they moved to Benton County in Southwest Missouri, apparently in an area on the border between St. Clair and Benton Counties, where several of their children were born. This was a fateful move since in the late 1850's Southwest Missouri became a guerrilla battleground between the pro-emancipation Jayhawkers of Kansas and the pro-slavery Bushwhackers of Missouri. Groups on both sides killed others thought to be on the other side in an episode of civilian violence unparalleled in American history. The Bushwhackers are better known to history because of the notoriety of their exploits, both during the Civil War and afterwards. They were led by William Clarke Quantrill, and among those who rode with him were Frank and Jessie James, Cole Younger, and "Bloody Bill" Anderson. The Bushwhackers formed the basis of an outlaw dynasty that stretched into the 1920's.
Although the counties to the northwest saw most of the action, Osceola in St. Clair County was raided by the Jayhawkers. It was partly in retribution for the Osceola raid that the Bushwhackers under Quantrill raided Lawrence, Kansas. What started as an attempt to capture the hated Jim Lane of the Jayhawkers deteriorated in a terrible slaughter of male citizens and burning of many buildings.
It is not known whether any of the Richardsons served with Quantrill or the Confederate regulars in the area. We do know that James Richardson died in 1860 in St. Clair County at the age of 62, old enough to die of natural causes but young enough to suggest that he could have died at the hands of the Jayhawkers as did many other farmers of Southern roots in the area.
James' son David Felder Richardson first married Ailcy H. Foster, a Tennessee native, in Missouri. She died near the end of the Civil War, whether in Missouri or Texas is unknown. In Texas David later married Mercy Baker Smith, by whom he had a second family, then Martha Morris, and finally Adaline Effner.
David's children with Ailcy Foster are as follows:
Like many Missourians with Southern roots, David Felder Richardson's family, including his mother Rachel, moved to Texas to escape the devastation in Southwest Missouri and to avoid the retributions that were practices against Southerners after the Civil War. Rachel and her family initially settled in Lamar County on the Red River, but shortly thereafter they moved to Trinity County in East Texas, perhaps where they had relatives. David Felder Richardson was a hard shell Baptist minister.
David's daughter Rachel married first William Earl Forsythe, a hard shell Baptist minister who lived in the Alabama Creek area. William Forsythe died in the late 1870's, some say from wounds received in the Civil War while serving with Hood's Texas Brigade in such battles as Gettysburg. Their son William David Forsyhe was raised in part by the Richardsons. After William's death, Rachel married Charlie Effner and had two children.
The above information is based on the best sources currently available to the author and is subject to correction. If you have information that is different or additional to that shown above, I would like to receive it. Please contact me by e-mail and mention this web page in your message.
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